How to Install a Water Softener? A Step by Step Guide

Water is of great importance in everyone’s life ad it contains a huge amount of chemicals and contaminants, then it becomes hard and quite unfit for use. So, to resolve these issues the best water softeners are made which are specialized in their work, but after purchasing the major question that arises is, How to install a water softener?

Well, it is quite a tricky process if you don’t have any plumbing experience. Due to this reason, it is recommended to hire a professional for the installation process. and can easily remove chemicals and contaminants from water.

But still, if you want to install it by yourself, you are at the right place. Read this article to have a proper understanding of the installation process, and by following the below-mentioned steps you can easily install your water softener system.

A softener is basically extremely beneficial because not only it can remove harmful chemicals from water, but also extends the life span of electrical appliances. Thus, due to these benefits, it is preferred by every person facing hard water problems.

 Where to Install the Water Softener? 

If you install a water softener, you must select a specific spot for the placement. Plus, there are multiple factors that you must check before finalizing the installation spot. The first thing you must check is the size of the water softener.

If you have a large one, you probably need more area to place it. So, it is recommended to take proper measurements before selecting a spot.

Where to Install the Water Softener?

It would be best if you install the water softener in a dry place, away from the heater, having a proper drain, a power outlet, and near the main source of water.

 Main Water Source 

The best option of install the water softener is at the main water source, this will ensure that all the water which runs across the whole house passes through the water softening process. Main Water Source

It will also help to prevent scale deposition in the pipes and other appliances before the whole water will be softened by this technique of installation.

 Power Outlet 

One most important factors that have a great role in the installation process is to install the water softener into a proper wall having a power outlet. It is really helpful because if you install a water softener away from the wall, then you have to reinstall it which can result in a waste of money and time.

Power Outlet

Furthermore, you must select a dry place to install the water softener because plugging the electricity into an outlet in a damp environment that is quite damn can result in safety issues.


It is highly recommended to install a water softener near a place having a drain on the floor because the water softener needs to complete the whole regeneration period from time to time to work properly.  The beads in the water softener soak up all the minerals causing the hardness of water, and the process of regeneration involves washing these beads with the brine solution.


And after the regeneration is completed, the brine solution must be disposed of using a drain. Thus, it would be perfect if you install your water softener near the drain so that you don’t have to worry about the brine solution.

 Water Heater 

Many people want to install water softeners on their heaters so that they can have everything that controls water in the same place. But if you really want to install the water softener near the heater, you must keep at least 10 feet between the two.

water heater

As if you place a water softener near the heater, then the hot water present in the pipes can travel in the backward direction(into the softener) and can damage the whole device. So, it is recommended to keep them apart from each other.

 Water Softener Installation Process 

Like other appliances, you need some tools to install the water softener properly. Following are the things that you must have to set up your water softener.

  • Water Softener
  • Joint Pliers
  • Sandpaper
  • Soldering Torch
  • Screwdriver
  • Copper Pipe
  • Flux and Flux Brush
  • Propane torch
  • Wire Reaming Brush
  • Teflon tape
  • Measuring tape
  • Adapters/fittings that came with the water softener

After you have all these necessary tools, now you can start installing your water softener.

 Water Loops 

Having a water loop at your place is highly recommended because it is highly helpful. It allows the soft water to remain inside the house and prevents it from going outside to the garden hose. It can also help to conserve soft water.

water loop

Some homes have a pre-installed water loop, but if you don’t have it, it would be best to install it. You don’t have to worry about the installation process so it is easy and doesn’t require any expertise.

 How To Install A Water Softener 

So, if you are going to install a water softener by yourself, follow the below-mentioned points carefully.

 1) Shut off the Main Water Source 

The first step of the installation is to shut off the water supply. It is crucial because if you don’t stop the water flow, it can enter the softener and affect its functioning. Furthermore, you must open the faucets to drain the pipes’ existing water.

 2) Turn off Electricity of Water Heater 

If you have an electric heater, then it is suggested to turn off its electricity so that you don’t have to face any safety issues.

 3) Remove the Connecting Part of the Water Loop  

The next step is to remove the connecting part of the water loop with the help of the pipe cutter. After removing the connecting part, you will have two pipes, one pipe will have untreated water coming from the source, and the other pipe will transfer the soft water to the whole house.

 4) Attach Elbow Fitting 

Then attach the elbow fitting to one end of the main water line. The best position of this elbow fitting is in the way that it will face the direction of the water softener’s valves, both inflow and outflow. So if the water loop is low on the wall, the elbow will be faced upward.

Then, with the help of measuring tape, measure how much pipe will be required to close the gap present between the elbow fitting and the valves of the water softener. Now, cut the pipe to the required length.

Before attaching the pipe, check all the fittings required to connect the pipe to the bypass valve.

 5) Use Brass Fittings for Connecting the Pipes 

Most of the water softeners have brass fittings/adaptors; use these adaptors to connect the pipe.

 5) Check the Brine Tank and Drain Hose 

The next and most important step is to check the drain hose and brine tank. Using a clamp at the onset of the drain hose of the water softener is suggested. It is crucial because it will prevent the water from slowing back into the softener.

Whereas you can put the other part of the drain hose into a floor drain or a utility sink. Different water softeners have different instructions for setting up the brine tank, but most of them follow the same technique in which you have to connect the brine tank to the water softener with the help of piping, and then you have to fill it up with the salt.

 6) Connect the Overflow Tube of Water Softener’s  to the Brine Tank 

The next step is to connect the overflow tube to the brine tank; this procedure also varies for each type of water softener. So, it is recommended to read your water softener’s manual, which must have mentioned the proper placement of the tube.

 7) Activate the bypass valve 

Now activate the bypass valve by switching it to the active position, and after that, turn on the water supply of the whole house.

 Now What? 

As you have completed the above-mentioned steps, you can now activate the water softener, and you must set it to the ‘backwash.’ Then deactivate the bypass valve and check the manual, which is provided with the softener, to know about the next steps, regeneration setting, and salt concentration.

 Common Mistakes in Installation Process 

You must be careful if you haven’t installed a water softener before. Although we have provided a step-by-step procedure, some mistakes are observed by multiple newbies, so you must try to avoid them.

We have explained all these mistakes below, and by overviewing them, you can install the water softener properly.

 Relying On Multiple Sources 

One common mistake by multiple people is that they try to use multiple sources simultaneously. People propose different installation methods, and it is completely up to you to select the one which suits you.

But you must select only one technique and then follow it properly. Don’t try to jump from one technique to another because you will get confused by this, and it would result in a waste of time and energy.

 Use of Wrong Fittings/Connections 

Almost every water softener company provides suitable fittings and connections required in the installation process. So, you must not go for some other types of fittings because it could lead to leakage and poor performance of water softeners.

 Improper Placement of Drain Hose 

The drain hole is required for the draining of water after registration. So, you must select a place with a suitable drain, such that if the drain is small in size or is not working properly, it could lead to flooding.

 Selecting Without Size Measurements 

The size of the water softener also affects its capacity, so selecting a water softener that suits your household is recommended. For example, if you have e a large family, then it is ideal to go with a water softener with a large size so that it could meet all the demands.

Thus, selecting the perfect-sized water softener is the most crucial feature you must check to prevent any inconvenience in the future.

 Final Verdict 

If you are facing hard water issues, you must go for a water softener, but the main question that arises after getting it is, How to Install a Water Softener? So, to facilitate you, we have explained a step-by-step guide to better understand the installation process.

Moreover, you can go for Fleck 5600 Whole House Water Softener, the best water softener and extremely easy to install, so you can rely on it. 

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